Motivation comes in many forms and students are often motivated towards different outcomes. Some students may be motivated to excel in their studies and focus in the classroom. While other students may be motivated to increase their social life and be more concerned with extracurricular activities. But how do you find ways to keep your students engaged and motivated to excel in the content that you are providing.
First, it is important to determine how motivation affects students engagement. Motivation is useful in many ways, it can direct a student’s behavior toward particular goals, it can lead to increased effort and energy as the students want to be learning the material, it affects the student’s cognitive processes, and it enhances their overall performance.
Motivation leads students to determine which goals they want to accomplish. It affects the choices that they make by leading them in a direction to accomplish their desired goals, this will help them choose which type of classes they want to take or who they want to be teaching them. When students are motivated to accomplish a goal or learn about a certain subject, it increases their effort and energy as their drive to accomplish the goal is increased by their motivation. The cognitive process that students experience also changes when they are motivated. Motivation will affect how and what the student will pay attention to and how effectively they process that information.
How can we keep students motivated and engaged throughout the material that we are presenting to them? There are many ways to do this but the most common ones that have been known to work include, encouraging students, getting them involved, offering incentives, and drawing a connection to real life.
Encouraging students throughout their learning process and providing positive reinforcement will show the students that they are capable of accomplishing the materials at hand. If students feel accepted and respected they will be more open and willing to learn. Getting students involved is another great way to promote motivation. If students feel that they are being depended on to complete a task or an assignment they will be more likely to stay on task. Sometimes, students need a little extra kick to keep them motivated. By offering incentives, you will be giving the students a sense of accomplishment and a way for them to stay motivated so that they reach that incentivized goal. Lastly, drawing connections to real life situations can keep students motivated by showing them how the material can be used in their daily lives. This will give them a reason to be motivated to learn the material as it will help them outside of the classroom.
Keeping students engaged can often come down to how motivated they are. By focusing and increasing their motivation you will see a rise in their engagement.